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Om-Shanti: Studie en Academie Materiaal
Philosophy


Om-Shanti: - Studie en Academie Materiaal
WESTERN PHILOSOPHY - Deel 1 - 01


Gurdjieff Work and the Teaching of Krishna

"If I were to cease working," says Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita (3.24), "all these worlds would perish". He advises his friend and disciple, Arjuna, to act on his own level and scale as Krishna himself acts on the highest level and on the largest scale.1 So are seekers firmly and repeatedly advised in the Gurdjieff Work to work on their own level, that of the earth, lest the earth should collapse.
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Om-Shanti: Studie en Academie Materiaal
Boekbespreking Philosophy


Textual Authority in Classical Indian Thought

Ramanuja and the Vishnu
Purana. Routledge 2014

Sucharita Adluri

What role, if any, do mythological texts play in philosophical discourse? While modern Hindu Studies scholars are becoming increasingly attuned to the extent to which Indian narratives encode ideology, this book explores the extent to which the great medieval Hindu thinker Rāmānuja himself looked to the Visnu Purāna (a 1st-4th century narrative work extolling the glories of the great god Visnu) to bolster his theistic stance on the nature of truth.

Raj Balkaran: Audio - Podcast 002:  klik hier

 

Classical Indian Philosophy

A History of Philosophy without Any
Gaps, Oxford University Press 2020

Peter Adamson

Here both the breadth and depth of Indian philosophical traditions is surveyed. Their odyssey touches on the earliest extant Vedic literature, the Mahābhārata, the Bhagavad-Gīta, the rise of Buddhism and Jainism, the sūtra traditions encompassing logic, epistemology, the monism of Advaita Vedānta, and the spiritual discipline of Yoga. They even include textual traditions typically excluded from overviews of Indian philosophy, e.g., the Cārvāka school, Tantra, and Indian aesthetic theory. They address various significant themes such as non-violence, political authority, and the status of women, and the debate on the influence of Indian thought on Greek philosophy. Interestingly, this publication stems from a podcast series, which we also discuss in this podcast.

Raj Balkaran: Audio - Podcast 036:  klik hier

 

Dialogue and Doxography in Indian Philosopy

Point of View in Buddhist, Jaina and Advaita
Vedanta Traditions, Routledge 2020

Karl Stéphan Bouthillette

This ground-breaking work on Indian philosophical doxography examines the function of dialectical texts within their intellectual and religious milieu. The author examines the Madhyamakahrdayakārikā of the Buddhist Bhāviveka, the Saddarsanasamuccaya of the Jain Haribhadra, and the Sarvasiddhāntasangraha attributed to the Advaitin Sankara, focusing on each of their representation of Mīmāmsā, to arguing that each of these doxographies represent forms of spiritual exercise.

Raj Balkaran: Audio - Podcast 041:  klik hier

 

Controversial Reasoning in Indian Philosophy

Major Texts and Arguments on Arthapatti
Bloomsbury Academic 2020

Malcolm Keating

How do we know what we know? The most prominent means of knowledge for Indian philosophers are direct perception (pratyaksa), inference (anumāna) and authority (sabda). Then there is the much debated “postulation” (arthāpatti), a point of controversy among Mimamsa, Nyaya, and Buddhist philosophers. Consisting of translations of central primary texts and newly-commissioned scholarly essays, this book is a ground-breaking reference resource for understanding arthāpati, and debates in Indian philosophy at large.

Raj Balkaran: Audio - Podcast 061:  klik hier

 

Daya Krishna and Twentieth-Century Indian Philosophy

A New Way of Thinking about Art, Freedom
and Knowledge, Bloomsbury Publishing 2020

Daniel Raveh

This book introduces contemporary Indian philosophy as a unique philosophical genre through the writings of one its most significant exponents, Daya Krishna (1924-2007). It surveys Daya Krishna's main intellectual projects: rereading classical Indian sources anew, his famous Samvad Project, and his attempt to formulate a new social and political theory for India. Conceived as a dialogue with Daya Krishna and contemporaries, including his interlocutors, Krishnachandra Bhattacharyya, Badrinath Shukla, Ramchandra Gandhi, and Mukund Lath, this book is an engaging introduction to anyone interested in contemporary Indian philosophy and in the thought-provoking writings of Daya Krishna.

Raj Balkaran: Audio - Podcast 099:  klik hier

 

Embodied Philosophy

New Books Network 2021

Jacob Kyle

Balkaran speaks with Kyle about the genesis and vision of the online educational platform Embodied Philosophy. Over the course of their rich conversation, they touch on contemplative studies, the journal Tarka, yoga in the West, the scholar-practitioner, the state of online education, the ethics of entrepreneurship and the integration of spiritual and scholarly paradigms.

Raj Balkaran: Audio - Podcast 137:  klik hier

 

The Ubiquitous Siva

Somananda’s Sivadrsti and His Philosophical
Interlocutors, Oxford University Press 2021

John Nemec

This book is a sequel to a volume published in 2011 by OUP under the title The Ubiquitous Siva: Somananda's Sivadrsti and his Tantric Interlocutors. The first volume offered an introduction, critical edition, and annotated translation of the first three chapters of the Sivadrsti of Somananda, along with its principal commentary, the Sivadrstivrtti, written by Utpaladeva. It dealt primarily with Saiva theology and the religious views of competing esoteric traditions. The present volume presents the fourth chapter of the Sivadrsti and Sivadrstivrtti and addresses a fresh set of issues that engage a distinct family of opposing schools and authors of mainstream Indian philosophical traditions. In this fourth and final chapter, Somananda and Utpaladeva engage logical and philosophical works that exerted tremendous influence in the Indian subcontinent in its premodernity. Throughout this chapter, Somananda endeavors to explain his brand of Saivism philosophically. Somananda challenges his philosophical interlocutors with a single over-arching argument: he suggests that their views cannot cohere - they cannot be explained logically - unless their authors accept the Saiva non-duality for which he advocates. The argument he offers, despite its historical influence, remains virtually unstudied. The Ubiquitous Siva Volume II offers the first English translation of Chapter Four of the Sivadrsti and Sivadrstivrtti along with an introduction and critical edition.

Raj Balkaran: Audio - Podcast 152:  klik hier

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vaisesikasūtra

A Translation
Routledge 2021

Ionut Moise and Ganesh U. Thite

This book introduces readers to Indian philosophy by presenting the first integral English translation of Vaisesikasūtra with the earliest extant commentary of Candrānanda on the old aphorisms of Vaisesika school of Indian philosophy. A new reference work and a fundamental introduction to anyone interested in Indian and Comparative Philosophy, this book will be of interest to academics and students in the field of Classical Studies, Modern Philosophy and Asian Religions and Philosophies.

Raj Balkaran: Audio - Podcast 170:  klik hier

 


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